Ajmer situated in the green oasis wrapped in the barren hills has been a witness to an interesting past. The city was founded by Raja Ajay Pal Chauhan in the 7th Century A.D. and continued to be a major center of the Chauhan power till 1193 A.D. when Prithviraj Chauhan lost it to Mohammed Ghauri since then, Ajmer became home to many dynasties, which came and left leaving behind indelible marks of their culture and traditions on the city's history, converting it to an amalgam of various cultures and blend of Hinduism and Islam. Today, Ajmer is a popular pilgrimage center for the Hindus as well as Muslims. Especially famous is the Dargah Sharif-tomb of the Sufi saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chisti,which is equally revered by the Hindus and Muslims.
Ajmer is also the base for visiting Pushkar(11 km.),the abode of Lord Brahma,lying to its west with a temple and a picturesque lake.The Pushkar lake is a sacred spot for Hindus. During the month of Kartik(Oct./Nov.), devotes throng in large numbers here to take a dip in the sacred lake.
Shahjhan's Mosque: In the corner of the inner court of the Dargah, is a magnificent building in white marble with a long (30.5m) and narrow court having low arcade and delicate carvings with trellis-work.It is the most marvelous of all the sanctums within the sanctuary of the Dargah. Adhai-din-ka-jhoupra: A remarkable structure, this is a masterpiece of Indo-Islamic architecture located on the outskirts, of the city, just beyond the Dargah. As the legend goes, its construction took two and a half days (Adhai-Din) to complete. It was originally a Sanskrit college, built within a temple. In 1193 A.D. Mohhamed Ghauri conquered Ajmer and converted the building into a mosque by adding a sevenarched wall in front of the pillared hall in just two-and-half days(adhai-din) and hence the name. The distinct pillars-and arched "Screen" with its ruined minarets make it a splendid architectural masterpiece. The Museum: Once the royal residence of Emperor Akbar ,the museum houses a rich repository of the Mughal and Rajput armour and exquisite sculptures. Taragarh Fort: A steep one and a half hour climb beyond the Adhai-din-ka-jhopra leads to the ruins of the Taragarh Fort, perched on a hill.One can have an excellent view of the city from here. The fort was the site of the military activity during the Mughal period, later used as a sanatorium by the British. Mayo College: One of the India's best public schools, located in the south-east of the Ana Sagar, has now been converted to the Circuit House. The lake and the cenotaph and the shrine of the Hindu reformer Swami Dayanand, founder of the Arya Samaj movement in India, can be viewed from here.
- Area 55.76 sq.km..
- Altitude 486 meters
- Climate Mean Max. Mean Min.
- Summer 38.1degree C 27.7 degree C
- Winter 23.3 degree C 05.5 degree C
- Rainfall 38 to 51 cms.
- Best Season July - March
- Clothing Summer Light Tropical
- Winter Wollen
- Languages Rajasthani, Hindi, Urdu, English, Sindh
Pushkar Fair : It is one of the most colorful fairs of India. Lakes of pilgrims throng the lake during the annual cattle fair. Besides trading of horses, camels, cows and bulls, there are exciting camel-cart races and cultural events. Cloths, household items and leather goods are for sale during the fair. On the full moon of Kartik(Nov.) pilgrims take a holy dip in the lake.
Pushkar Lake (11km.): The lake is situated on the edge of the desert and surrounded by hills on three sides, is separated from Ajmer by 'Nag Pahar'-the snake mountain. On this mountain the Panchkund and the cave of the saint Agastya are located.
Man Mahal: Along the banks of the Pushkar Lake is the former residence of Raja Man Singh of Amer, Man Mahal. Presently it is converted to RTDC Sarover Tourist Bungalow ensuring convenient accommodation to travellers.Pushakar palace (Kishangarh House) adjoining it is a heritage hotel.
Foy Sagar(5km): A picturesque artificial lake named after the engineer for who created it under a famine relief project.
Jaipur's Sanganer Airport is the nearest one (132 kms), connected by the Indian airlines and a host of other airlines, highways and railway lines.
Regular train services link Ajmer with important cities like a
- Gujrat Mail (Mumbai-Ajmer-Delhi Sarai Rohilla)
- Jodhpur Mail (Marwar-Ajmer-Jaipur)
- Delhi Express(Ahmedabad-Ajmer-Jaipur)
- Shatabadi Express (New Delhi-Ajmer-New Delhi).
Ajmer lies on NH8, that connects Delhi to Mumbai. Its about 400 km from Delhi and around 135 km from Jaipur. Rajasthan STC buses as well as those run by some private operators, connects the city with various places in the state, and also some other centres like Delhi and Agra.
Local: City bus service operate in the city and to Pushkar (12 kms). Unmetered taxis, auto-rickshaws, tongas, and cycle-rickshaws are also available.